Jesus taught us to see God as our Father in a manner that nobody had ever accomplished earlier than – Bible Type

Jesus taught us to see God as our Father in a manner that nobody had ever accomplished earlier than

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This Sunday's Latin Collect for the 19th Sunday of ordinary time was not included in previous editions of the Missale Romanum prior to the Novus Ordo 1970. However, it has roots in the 9th century Sacramentary of Bergamo.

COLLECT (2002 MR):

Omnipotens sempiterne Deus, quem paterno nomine invocare praesumimus, Perfice in Cordibus Nostris Spiritum Adoption Filiorum, ut Promissam Hereditatem Ingredi Mereamur.

If you're trying to untangle this, here are some vocabulary words. Paternus, -a, -um is an adjective, "fatherly". Literally, a paternum noun would be “paternal name”. In English we have to break this down a bit, just like we do with the Latin for “Sunday”: dies dominica or “stately day” instead of what we say “the day of the Lord”. In a more fluent English, a paternum noun is "the father's name". Latin uses adjectives and adverbs for more purposes than we do.

Our trustworthy old friend or perhaps newly encountered Lewis & Short Dictionary – now online by the way – informs us that invoco means "to call, to call", especially as a witness or to help. Hence the word contains an element of urgency and humility. Praesumo gives us the English word and concept of "guess". At its root it means: "take first, take first or before". The adverb and adjective prae, the prefix element of prae-sumo, precedes "vor, vor, vor". In a less physical sense, it can mean "anticipate", in the sense of "imagine or imagine" or in a moral nuance "take for granted". It is even more interesting to “undertake, to dare, to trust yourself” and “to trust, to be confident”.


Almighty Eternal God, whom we are believed to invoke by the name of the Father, perfects the spirit of child adoption in our hearts so that we may deserve to enter into the promised inheritance.

Note that, according to the literal meaning, I translate filii as “children” rather than just “sons”. I am not "inclusive" in the sense of "woke up". Latin masculine plural forms may include women, depending on the context, although the form of the word is masculine.

We will not waste time examining the facet of daring and guesswork in our collection. During Mass, through the words, actions, and intentions of the ordained priest, we as the Church assume with trusting boldness to consecrate bread and wine and transform them essentially into the body and body of the second person of the Trinity. We do this because Jesus told us to, but it is still a harrowing and comforting endeavor. We dare to take hold of truly holy things, the most sacred things there can be: the body, blood, soul and divinity of Christ. What could be more presumptuous?

Two sections of the great Corpus Christi sequence from St. Thomas Aquinas (d. 1274) remind us of what it is all about when we approach the Blessed Sacrament for the community (not my translation): “Here among these signs are hidden / priceless things, forbidden to meaning; / Signs, not things, are all we see. / Flesh made of bread and blood made of wine / Christ is after all in both signs / to have stood completely. … Both the bad and the good / eat this heavenly food: / but with endings like opposites! / With this most extensive bread / they are fed until life or death, with an infinite difference. "

This last part must be repeated: “Mors est malis, vita bonis: / vide paris sumptionis / quam sit dispar exitus. Eternal death for the wicked if they do not receive communion properly. Eternal life for the good if you receive well. Do you see how different the different results of the same act of Holy Communion can be? It is good to think about it if you want to go to church: Am I rightly inclined to receive what Christ and the church have promised, are really his body and blood? Do I dare to receive? When was my last good confession?

Immediately after the Eucharistic prayer, but before our bold reception of communion, we dare to pray with the words that the same Son taught us. When introducing the Our Father, the priest says in Latin: "After we have been instructed / urged by storing commands and formed by a divine institution, we dare (audemus) to say:" Our Father … ". Audeo is "dare, dare", and in it it is a synonym for praesumo.

Jesus taught us to see God as a Father in ways that no one had before. Christ revolutionized our prayer. In our humility we now dare to lift our eyes and dare to speak to God in new ways. We come to him as children of a new “sonship”. We learned from our examination of the Collect for the third Easter Sunday that adoption is “adoption” in the sense of “taking as a child”. We find the sentence in Paul: Adoption filiorum Dei or “Adoption of the Sons of God” in the Latin Vulgate of Jerome (cf. Romans 8:23; Galatians 4: 5; Ephesians 1: 5). We do not approach God as fearful slaves. We can now also receive communion with awesome confidence, provided we are well prepared. God did his part.

An important element of our Sunday collection comes from Paul: “For you did not receive the spirit of slavery in order to relapse into fear, but you received the spirit of sonship. We can call on God the Father with confidence, not fear, when we cry, “Abba! Father! ”(Romans 8:15 … and“ Abba ”does not mean“ papa ”). God will not come to us as a strange God, but as Father God. What God does for us is not cold or impersonal. It is an act of love. Even when he commanded us God the Son, he did not want to paralyze us. However, this was the result for some who, hearing the teaching of Christ about his flesh, forsook him because what they heard was too difficult (cf. John 6).

We don't need to be afraid … overwhelmed by awe, certainly, but not by terror.

Warn, urge, teach from a divine person who has taught us divine precepts, let us make it clear who our Father is and who we are because He is. We are children of a loving father. He comes looking for us to draw us to him because of his fatherly heart. Pope John Paul II wrote in preparation for the Church's preparation for the Millennium Jubilee:

"If God is looking for a person who was created in his own image and likeness, he does so because he loves him forever in the word and wants to raise him in Christ to the dignity of an adoptive son" (Tertio millennio adveniente 6). .

As adopted children of God, we have dignity. Adoption by the spirit is not a second class relationship with God or just a legal triviality. It is the fulfillment of an eternal love and longing. This is a primary and fundamental dimension of all that we are as Catholic Christians. Perhaps for this reason the Catechism of the Catholic Church speaks so clearly on this point in the first paragraph.

God, infinitely perfect and blessed in himself, in a plan of goodness who created man free to share in his own blessed life. For this reason, God approaches man at all times and in all places. He calls people to look for him, to know him, to love him with all his might. He calls all people who are scattered and divided by sin together to the unity of his family, the Church. To do this, God sent His Son to be the Redeemer and Savior when the fulness of time had come. In and through his Son he invites people to become his adoptive children in the Holy Spirit and thus heirs to his blessed life.

The adoption that we are talking about in this collection is far more profound than a legal act whereby someone who really does not have the same blood and bone is legally considered as such. Indeed, some Protestants see our return to righteousness in God's eyes, that is, justification by baptism, in these terms: a kind of legal craft in which we actually remain guilty and corrupt, but our obnoxious sinful nature is ignored by the Father because The Merits of Christ lie between his eyes and our weakened nature. However, we know through divine revelation and the continuing doctrine of the Christian church that there is more than a legal fiction to take place through baptism. We are more than justified, we are sanctified. Something of God's divine grace is conferred on us and poured into our being so that we truly become sons and daughters of Almighty God who have been radically transformed from within as members of Christ's own mystical person. So we too share the sonship of Christ. We are "ontologically" changed in our being. It's almost as if God poured his own DNA into us to make us His own in a sense that goes well beyond legal adoption.

Amazingly, this transformation changes who we are without losing our individuality or dignity as persons. We are his and united as one in Christ, yet we remain ourselves. We are integrated into a new structure of communion, indeed a new family.

Through our mismatched actions we can render this earthly dimension of our supernatural family, our church, inoperable.

What a secret it is that God, who gives us the mighty transforming graces that we all know and that we profess to love, leaves in our hands the freedom to scorn him and to play down his gifts. This freedom, a gift in itself, could only be a gift from the father to beloved children.


Almighty, ever-living God, whom we dare to call our Father, taught by the Holy Spirit, we pray to bring in our hearts the spirit of adoption as your sons and daughters, the inheritance that you have promised to perfection . Through our Lord.

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